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Five US generals killed in action

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Maj Gen Dillard, Maj Gen Greene, Gen Sedgwick


Maj Gen Harold Greene, killed by an Afghan soldier in an insider attack, follows a long line of US generals killed in war. And their deaths say much about the changing nature of warfare.

In the past decade, thousands of American soldiers have lost their lives to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan. Yet news this week of Maj Gen Harold Greene’s death made headlines.

Gen Greene is not only the highest ranking US military official to have been killed since the start of the war in Afghanistan, his death also marks the first time in more than 40 years that a general has been killed in combat.

Although it’s now a rare occurrence, before modern technology and tactics, the deaths of senior officers were far more common.

Gen John Sedgwick was the highest-ranking Union official killed on the battlefield during the United States Civil War.

They couldn’t hit an elephant at this distance,” he allegedly said to his colleagues during battle, right before he was shot and killed by a confederate sharpshooter

Like many wars in the 19th Century, the American Civil War was particularly lethal for high-ranking officials due to the nature of combat at that time.

In the Civil War, soldiers were more densely packed and fighting in lines, said Richard Kohn, a military historian at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. “Brigadier Generals were often leading the brigades so they were in greater danger given the tactics and weapons involved

Following the US Civil War, many career officers served on the front lines of the American Indian Wars. However, unlike the Civil War, the fight for territory in the western frontier was asymmetric, lasting decades.

Gen Edward Canby was the only US general killed during the American Indian Wars, and at the most unlikely stage possible. At peace talks in northern California with the Modoc tribe, he was assassinated by treaty negotiators.

It was once common for generals to share the fate of the ordinary soldier, says Boston University political scientist Andrew Bacevich. There was once a common used phrase – ‘fighting generals’ – those who stayed on the front lines

Lt Gen Simon Bolivar Buckner Jr was killed in the final days of the Battle for Okinawa during World War Two. Posthumously promoted to the rank of four-star general, Gen Buckner became the highest-ranking military officer killed on the battlefield during that war.

In the US Civil War, it was quite common for generals to be killed. In World War Two, the odds were substantially lower, says Stephen Biddle, a military expert with the Council on Foreign Relations.

As weapons’ ranges increased, the headquarters tended to move to the rear, to get them further out of harm’s way

Maj Gen John Albert B Dillard Jr was killed during the Vietnam War when his helicopter was shot down in 1970. According to data compiled by the Associated Press, Gen Dillard was the last army general killed in action overseas before the death of Gen Greene.

As military technology and tactics changed in Vietnam, so did the nature of the war. Because of the lack of distinct frontlines, many commanders would lead their battalions from helicopters above the battlefield, radioing commands to their soldiers below.

“In the Vietnam War, the helicopter was the platform that seemed to provide the most effective means to command and control operating forces, says Bacevich.

For those who believed the Vietnam War was a military failure, they said it was a failure of command. One example was the tendency to try to control ground operations from a helicopter above

Lt Gen Timothy Maude became the highest-ranking officer killed by foreign action since Gen Buckner when a passenger plane crashed into the Pentagon on 9/11

Following the Vietnam War, high ranking officers were rarely placed in vulnerable positions, such as on the battlefield. Instead they occupied more strategic positions in places like the Pentagon

“In modern times, the American military has become more bureaucratised,” says HW Brands, a historian at the University of Texas.

“These days it takes a long time to become a general – 25 years – whereas in the Civil War, people became generals after three months in battle. The army will not put someone with 25 years training on the field.”

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İçişleri Bakanlığı’ndan yeni koronavirüs genelgesi! Oteller sadece müşterine yemek hizmeti verebilecek

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Son dakika: İçişleri Bakanlığı 81 il valiliğine “Konaklama Tesislerindeki Restoranlar” konulu genelge gönderdi. Genelgeye göre, otel ve konaklama tesislerindeki lokanta veya restoranlar sadece konaklama yapan müşterilerine yemek hizmeti verebilecek. Ayrıca bu işletmeler saat 22.00’den sonra müzik yayını yapamayacak.

İçişleri Bakanlığı, denetimler ve ihbarlar üzerine otel ve konaklama tesislerinin restoran ile lokantalarına yönelik valiliklere genelge gönderdi.

SADECE KONAKLAMA YAPAN MÜŞTERİLERE HİZMET VERİLECEK

Genelgeye göre, otel ve konaklama tesislerindeki lokanta veya restoranlar sadece konaklama yapan müşterilere yemek hizmeti verebilecek.

OTELLERDEKİ RESTORANLAR PAKET SERVİS YAPAMAYACAK

Otel ve konaklama tesislerindeki lokanta veya restoranlar dışarıya paket servisi yoluyla satış yapamayacak.

22’DEN SONRA MÜZİK YAYINI YAPILAMAYACAK

Otel ve konaklama tesislerinde bulunan restoran, lokanta ve diğer salonlarında saat 22.00’den sonra her türlü müzik yayını yapılamayacak.

Bu doğrultuda;

1. Yeme-içme yerleri için getirilen kısıtlamalardan istisna tutulan otel ve konaklama tesislerindeki lokanta veya restoranlar sadece konaklama yapan müşterilerine yönelik yemek hizmeti verebilecek.

2. Otel ve konaklama tesislerindeki lokanta veya restoranların dışarıya paket servisi yoluyla satış yapmalarına müsaade edilmeyecek.

3. Bu yerlere yönelik denetim faaliyetleri yoğunlaştırılacak ve etkinliği artırılacak.

4. Kolluk kuvvetlerince yapılan denetimlerde, otel ve konaklama tesislerindeki lokanta veya restoranlarda bulunan müşterilerin Kimlik Bildirme Kanunu çerçevesinde bildirimde bulunulan kişiler arasında olup olmadığının muhakkak kontrol edilecek.

5. Kimlik Bildirme Kanunu çerçevesinde yapılan bildirimlerle otel ve konaklama tesislerinin kendi kayıtları arasında tutarsızlık olup olmadığının denetlenecek.

6. Otel ve konaklama tesislerinde bulunan restoran, lokanta ve diğer salonlarında saat 22.00’den sonra müzik yayınına (canlı müzik, kayıt dinletilmesi vb. her türlü yayın dahil) hiçbir şartta yapılamayacak.

Vali ve kaymakamlarca yukarıda belirtilen esaslar doğrultusunda Umumi Hıfzıssıhha Kanununun 27’nci ve 72’nci maddeleri uyarınca İl/İlçe Umumi Hıfzıssıhha Kurulları kararlarının ivedilikle alınması ve uygulamada herhangi bir aksaklığa meydan verilmeyecek.

İDARİ İŞLEM TESİS EDİLECEK

Belirlenen esaslara aykırı uygulama yaptığı veya eğlence yeri şeklinde faaliyetlerde bulunduğu tespit edilen otel ve konaklama tesislerine Umumi Hıfzıssıhha Kanununun ve Turizmi Teşvik Kanununun ilgili maddeleri gereğince idari işlem tesis edilecek.

ADLİ İŞLEM BAŞLATILACAK

Konusu suç teşkil eden davranışlara ilişkin Türk Ceza Kanununun 195’inci maddesi kapsamında gerekli adli işlemler başlatılacak.

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Egypt victim rights centre files appeal

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An Egyptian center that can help alleged torture sufferers and documents their cases has vowed to carry on to operate despite a purchase for this to seal lower

Authorities had because of the Nadeem Center until Monday to cease activities saying it had breached rules

The audience has filed a sudden appeal from the decision

Privileges groups have criticised Egypt because of its attack on dissent among an outburst of reported torture of detainees Authorities deny the accusations

El Nadeem Center for Rehab of Sufferers of Violence has operated since 1993 supplying support and guidance to sufferers of torture

The organisation was because of be closed last Wednesday charged with breaking unspecified health ministry rules But government bodies decided to delay an order allow it time for you to contest the choice

Aida Seif alDawla the particular groups director stated the proceed to close it had been political

Human privileges groups have criticised the measure saying it comes down at any given time when enforced disappearances are rising and among growing worry about accusations of torture through the police and intelligence services

Activists accuse security forces of torturing detainees as well as detaining suspected activists or militant Islamists without confirming their busts accusations declined through the government

Egyptian Leader Abdul Fattah alSisi brought the militarys overthrow of Islamist Leader Mohammed Morsi in 2013 following mass protests

Since that time as much as 40000 individuals are believed to possess been detained The USbased Human Privileges Watch describes the attack as ferocious

Greater than 1000 protesters mostly Islamists happen to be wiped out around the roads

Egyptian authorities deny the Arab mobile phone industry’s most populous nation has came back towards the repression of history

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Extinct plant discovered in amber

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Biologists have referred to a brand new types of extinct plant according to two fossil flowers which were held in portions of amber not less than 15 million years

Strychnos electri goes towards the genus whose tropical bushes trees and vines are renowned for creating the deadly contaminant strychnine

The United States scientists referred to it as following the Greek word for amber (elektron) – the fossilised resin of lengthy-dead trees

Their discovery seems within the journal Character Plants

The 2 flowers were among 500 fossils collected on the 1986 area visit to Professor George Poinar of Or Condition College

Prof Poinar is really a famous entomologist and many of these individuals were bugs But after nearly 3 decades focusing on the bugs his eye chosen the flowers

These were remarkably complete – unlike most plant fossils present in amber that are usually just fragments

In 2015 he sent high-resolution photos to Professor Lena Struwe at Rutgers College

Most likely poisonous

These flowers appeared as if they’d just fallen from the tree stated Prof Poinar I figured they could be Strychnos and that i sent these to Lena since i understood she was a specialist for the reason that genus

Prof Struwe go about evaluating the physique from the flowers to any or all 200 known Strychnos species brushing the collections of multiple museums and herbaria

The figures mostly accustomed to identify types of Strychnos are flower morphology and thats what we should fortunately have with this fossil stated Prof Struwe

I checked out each specimen of ” New World ” species captured pics of and measured it and in comparison it towards the photo George sent me I requested myself How can the fur around the flower petals look? Where would be the fur situated? and so forth

For that creatures from the late cretaceous S electri was most likely not so good eating

Types of the genus Strychnos are nearly all toxic in some manner stated Prof Poinar

Each plant features its own alkaloids with different effects Many are more toxic than the others also it might be that they are effective as their poisons offered some defence against herbivores

The favourite such alkaloid strychnine is really a contaminant that when created the foundation of numerous rat poisons – in addition to being certainly one of Norman Batess murder weapons within the Alfred Hitchcock movie Psycho

However these plants also fall inside the asterid family including greater than 80000 flowering plants including most of the ones humans eat from taters and mint to sunflowers and coffees

The brand new discovery is an important accessory for the fossil record of the family that is very poorly understood

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